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By: L. Randall, M.A., Ph.D.

Co-Director, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center School of Medicine

We found large proportion of house damages and disturbances of water and sanitation (especially concerning drinking water) and sewage system treatment quincke edema purchase clofazimine 100 mg without a prescription. Environmental disruption medications emts can administer discount clofazimine 100 mg on line, poor hygiene and sanitation medications side effects 50 mg clofazimine mastercard, displacement and evacuation may increase likelihood of spreading common acute infectious diseases leading to outbreak after flood medications in carry on purchase line clofazimine. Similarly, in Aceh province, after tsunami, children had higher odds to get acute diseases. During flood, pathogenic organism might be carried away by flood waters and introduced to the surface waters. Failure to wash and treat wounds (even minor wounds) with clean water may cause infection. Skin problems founded after 2004 tsunami were infections, infestations, fungal infections, including tinea corporis, eczemas and lacerations. These factors existed during the Bojonegoro flood, especially during displacement in shelter. Vibrio Cholera, Salmonella enterica, Enterotoxigenic Escherichia Coli), and protozoa. Humid and hot environment may be in favor of the growth and reproduction of pathogenic bacteria of gastrointestis. Flood study in 2007 in Anhui Province, China, demonstrated that longer duration of moderate flooding may cause greater risk and burdens of diarrhea than shorter duration of severe flooding. Host immunity, overcrowding and poor hygiene and sanitation might have played important role in this transmission dynamics. Specific intervention might be strengthened to prevent the spread of acute infections among under-five children in flood-prone areas, including achieving and maintaining very high immunization coverage (in accordance to national guideline) and improving their nutritional status. Annual Disaster Statistical Review 2016 the numbers and trends Annual Disaster Statistical Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, March 2020, Vol. Rapid Health Assessment Bencana Banjir di Daerah Aliran Bengawan Solo, Kabupaten Bojonegoro (Rapid Health Assessment Flood Disaster in Flowing Area of Bengawan Solo River, Disrict of Bojonegoro). Climate change, flood and homes; Understanding location preferences in Indonesia. Infectious diseases following natural disasters; prevention and control measures. Water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions: an urgent requirement in postflood Nepal. Post Flood Health Hazards in Ernakulam District of Kerala: A Focus on Safe Water Supply and Control of Acute Diarrheal Disease. Risk of Flood-Related Diseases of Eyes, Skin and Gastrointestinal Tract in Taiwan; A Retrospective Cohort Study. The Effect of Seasonal Floods on Health; Analysis of Six Years of National Health Data and Flood Maps. Possible viral infections in flood disasters: A review considering 2019 spring floods in Iran. Integrated health education in disaster risk reduction: Lesson learned from disease outbreak following natural disasters in Indonesia. Correlation Analysis for the Attack of Bacillary Dysentery and Meteorological Factors Based on the Chinese Medicine Theory of Yunqi and the MedicalMeteorological Forecast Model. Quantitative Analysis of Burden of Infectious Diarrhea Associated with Floods in Northwest of Anhui Province, China; A Mixed Method Evaluation. Identifying Flood-Related Infectious Diseases in Anhui Province, China; A Spatial and Temporal Analysis. Impact of climate change on human infectious diseases; Empirical evidence and human adaptation. Water-Borne Diseases and Extreme Weather Events in Cambodia; Review of Impacts and Implications of Climate Change. Flood Disaster, Diarrhea and Community Resilience in Water Provision: A Case Study in the City of Bukittinggi.

Regarding the family structure symptoms of anemia discount clofazimine 100 mg line, a research showed that family structure influences the experience of sexual intercourse in adolescents8 medicine misuse definition buy discount clofazimine 100mg on-line. Smoking medicine for anxiety generic 100mg clofazimine free shipping, alcohol consumption schedule 6 medications discount clofazimine 50 mg otc, and sexual behavior were found higher amongadolescent in single parent families9. Other studies showed that migrating mothers are risk factors for the mental condition of their children12, 13. A study in Italy concerning mothers and children who had been physically separated as mothers worked in other countries, and then reunited, showed that the length of time separated was relevant, because it led to changethe meaning and family life between countries, which also change the role of children in the family14. Parents, especially mothers, who work, are a threat to the relationship between parents and children. If the child is entrusted to the caregiver and the child feels happy, then the mother will feel unhappy. Meanwhile, if the child feels unhappy and happy with the caregiver, the child will hate the mother or parents who do not care for him15. Other finding of this study is the influence of peers on adolescent risky behavior. Risk behavior is a type of behavior that endangers health and tends to increase in adolescence5. Factors that encourage adolescents to take risks on themselves are social and cultural factors, including changes in family, poverty and racism16. Include in risky behaviors are: tobacco consumption, poor diet, low physical activity, Discussion One of negative effect of parent migration is changing ties in the family1. It becomes an event that can cause problems for families and children, because the separation of children from parents is the worst consequence of parental migration. When mothers migrate, it will affect children psycho social health, education, risk to be abused, domestic gender division and family break up. While the children left by fathers are more likely to be affected by poverty in female headed household which leads to a households vulnerability. They often experience difficulties in social relationships and put themselves close in small groups with peers who have the same situation. They are also Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, March 2020, Vol. These risky behaviors are the biggest causes of adolescent death which generally begin early in adolescence and peak at the end of adolescence and early twenties17. Although it against the norm, some risky behaviors are behaviors that adolescents learn from their social environment, supported by their social environment, and can be controlled both individually and by their social environment. These behaviors also have a special function for adolescents in achieving normal development goals: to show the independence of their parents, to be accepted by their peers, reject conventional values in their environment, and perhaps the most important thing is to be a marker of changing to become more mature18. Understanding the impact of risky behaviors during adolescence to their future, it needs to highlight that family is always the most important social influence for children, although they have developed relationships with the environment outside the home. Close relationships infamily will have more influence on children than other social influences. In particular, the relationship between mother and child has a stronger influence. Study Limitations: this study did not analyse the age of respondents when they were left behind, so that the study cannot explain wether the behavior among respondents is a natural expression due to a lifespan development or caused by migrated parent in particular. It is suggested to next studies to search further of the impact of migrated parent to the behavior of children left behind in every stage of age. This study then expected to recommend community how to respond the needs of children left behind of affection from family, caregiver, or community. So that they can get through the conflicts and achieve the highest standar of weall-being. Conflict of Interest Statement: the authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest. Source of Funding: Thanks to Ministry of Research and Higher Education of Indoensia and Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada; Universitas Jenderal Soedirman for funding this research. Ethical Clearance: All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Making Health Services Adolescent Friendly: Developing National Quality Standards for Adolescent Friendly Health Services [Internet]. Conclusion Parent, in particular mothers, who work abroad, and influence of peer increase the potential for adolescents to have risky behavior.

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A cross-sectional study was conducted among 120 patients with type 2 diabetes that included 85 male and 35 females medicine kit for babies generic clofazimine 50mg fast delivery. The results have reflected the apparent effect of age symptoms ulcer stomach buy 100 mg clofazimine otc, obesity medicine ball chair order 100mg clofazimine, Genetic history on diabetes 5ht3 medications buy clofazimine 100mg on-line, thus Confirmed by the statistical side of the medical opinion and No effect of smoking on diabetes. The results showed the apparent effect factor for age, genetic history and obesity on diabetes while the results confirmed the lack of influence of sex and smoking on diabetes. Introduction Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin in sufficient quantity, or when the body is unable to use effectively the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the level of sugar by Hyperglycemia or hyperglycemia is a common effect in the body not controlling diabetes, and with time leads to severe damage in many organs of the body, especially nerves and blood vessels1,Diabetes and its complications are an effective health problemand it gets more prevalent day by day and is stuck in civilized progress. So it has become a problem that deserves to be studied and to stress the need to confront it At different levels of health, global and economic2. The aim of this study is to identify some of the factors influencing the disease of diabetes In the city of Basra. Diabetes Mellitus (Mellitus Diabetes) is defined as a defect in the process of carrying glucose inside the body the cause is a lack of secretion of the pancreas, lack of secretion or lack of efficacy of the insulin and the consequent increase in blood sugar, thus a disturbance in the metabolism for carbohydrates, protein and fats, due to different causes may be organic or psychic or because In the intake of sugars or due to hereditary factors, diabetes can cause significant complications and dangerous, as two of the third people die of the disease in the face of stroke or diseases. Types of Diabetes Mellitus: Diabetes mellitus is classified into four types according to the organization classification4. Constantly, the disease appears as an emergency and its symptoms are severe nausea, vomiting and drought. Type 2; most people with this type of sugar are adults, their bodies are resistant to insulin, i. They must pay attention to the quality of their food and exercise in order to control Diabetes this type represents 90% of diabetics, which distinguishes it that patients have a high percentage of insulin in their blood and that the body cells have lost the sensation of this hormone) and a Many people in this type are over the age of 55, and those with a first-class relative are either parents or siblings with diabetes, and also have a history of high blood pressure or high cholesterol and there is no difference in the incidence of diabetes between the sexes during the age of 25 the first 5 years of the life of the injured, but the balance tends to the tendency of the gender of females after this age, that is, females are more likely to be infected with this type of male and obesity plays a big role in the incidence of this type of diabetes, obesity forms more than 70% of patients and obesity is concentrated (trunk or ventral) 5. Type 3: this type of diabetes is similar to type 2 diabetes, and it gets 2-5% among pregnant women and the ratio increases with age and can continue or disappear after birth. Results the results in table 1 showed Socio- demographic characteristics of the participants, the sex 35% of the samples were females while the 85%of the samples were male and the 94% of the samples were Greater than 25 years, the 80% were employed on the hospital, the 19% employed on higher education, the 21% employed on education the 98% of them had positive family history of diabetes. Table 1: Socio- demographic characteristics of the participants Variable Sex Male Female <25 Age 49-25 65-50 the hospital Work place Family history of diabetes Sex Higher Education Education Positive Negative No. Setting of the Study: Basra University colleges and various schools in the city of Basra, different circles in the city of Basra,Basra city hospitals. A sample of 120 patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 was taken from Basra University colleges and various schools in Basra city, Basra government departments and Basra city hospitals. The information was collected through a direct interview with the injured, a query the results in table 2 appeared that the duration of the disease(5%) for < 1 years, (74%)for < 10 years and (18%) for < 15 years,(13%) use diet (61%) use pills, (26%) use Insulin. Discussion these results were consistent with7, waynegao8 found the Excess weight affects two thirds of the U. All patients should be screened for obesity and most should be screened for pre-diabetes and diabetes. Prevention of diabetes can be accomplished through a 7% weight loss through intensive lifestyle interventions that include caloric reduction and approximately 30 min of daily moderate physical activity9. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are promoting community-based diabetes prevention programs throughout the country11. So the results recommend that you continue to conduct statistical and non-statistical research on diabetes due to the abundance and severity of the disease in order to be more informed about solutions to reduce and cure it and the other recommendation was conducted statistical research on the impact of other causative factors, such as sudden shocks, psychological condition, and other factors that have not been examined. Ethical Clearance: It was part of scientific plan in Nursing College, University of Basra. Wayne Gao, Enkhzayachuluunbaatan chi pang wen- smokers with diabetes:Twice as deadly and shortened life by 15 years. The clinical utility of C-peptide measurement in the care of patients with diabetes. The effect of early, comprehensive genomic testing on clinical care in neonatal diabetes: An international cohort study. Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable diseases 2013-2020 (World Health Organization, Geneva, 2016) Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, March 2020, Vol. Method: this cross-sectional study was conducted on 63 schizophrenia hospitalized patients in Ernaldi Bahar Hospital, South Sumatra, Indonesia. Correlation between variables was determined using the Spearman Correlation Coefficient. Results: the result showed a significant negative correlation between omega-3 fatty acids and Positive scale, Negative Scale, General psychopathology and risk of aggression with r=-0. The omega-6 fatty acids intake were negatively correlated with Positive scale, Negative Scale, General psychopathology and risk of aggression with r= -0.

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Yokata T et al (1999)12 showed that p53 mutation is associated with lymphatic invasion symptoms throat cancer cheap clofazimine american express. Shrinivas P et al (2002)13 found that p53 mutation is potential predictor of lymph node involvement symptoms dengue fever buy clofazimine with a visa. Iacopetta B et al (2000)15 reported p53 mutation rate of 17% in case of invasive ductal carcinoma treatment lyme disease order clofazimine us. Overgaard J et al (2000)16 reported that p53 mutation is strong marker for prediction and disease free survival irrespective of nodal status and mutation is more frequent in ductal carcinoma medications such as seasonale are designed to buy 50 mg clofazimine fast delivery, large size tumour, node positive and high grade tumour with detection rate of 23%. In our study p53 mutation rate was found in 16% cases which are slightly more than p53 mutation reported by Khaliq T et al14 from Pakistani population. All 32 cases of p53 positive tumor had lymph node metastasis while tumour without lymph node metastasis did not show any p53 mutation. Thus p53 mutation is significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis in our study similar to other studies. There was no correlation found between p53 mutation and grade of tumour, tumour size and T-status similar to study by Shpitz B et al (2000). There is significant correlation between c-erbB-2 over expression and lymphatic invasion on histology. On correlating c-erbB-2 and p53, c-erbB-2 over expressed in 80 cases (40%) out of them 24 cases (30%) was p53 positive whereas 56 cases (70%) were p53 negative. There is no significant correlation found between p53 mutation and c-erbB-2 over expression. Sirvidis E, Sims B, Nucleolar organizer regions; New Prognostic Variable in Breast Carcinoma. Correlation of cell cycle regulators (p53, p21, prb and mdm2) and c-erbB-2 with biological markers of proliferation and overall survival in breast cancer. The prognostic value of p53 and c-erbB-2 expression, prolferative activity and angiogenesis in nodenegative breast carcinoma. Pathologic findings from the Nations Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project: Prognostic significance of erbB2 protein overexpression in primary breast cancer. Yokota T, Imamura J, Teshima S, Suzuki H, Tezuka F, Kikuchi S, Kunii Y, Yamauchi H. C-erb B2 P53 protein expression and steroid hormone receptors in breast carcinoma: an immunohistochemical study. Shrinivas P, Madhawan M, Ahmad I, Abraham E, Balram P, Nm 23H1 and p53 proteins are differentially correlated with metastasis in breast carcinoma. Iacopetta B, Elsaleh H, Grieu F, et al Routine analysis for p53 mutation in clinical breast tumor specimens using Fluorescence based polymerase chain reaction and single strand conformation polymorphism. Tumour P53 mutation is a independent prognostic marker for poor outcome in both node negative and node positive breast cancer. Angiogenesis, p53 and C-erbB-2immuno reactivity and cliniopathological features in Male breast cancer. The relationship between c-erbB-2 expression and s-phase fraction in prognosis of breast cancer. Expression of growth factor and chemokine receptors: new insights in the biology of inflammatory breast cancer. Clinical Psychology, Indira Gandhi National Open University, Maidan Garhi, New Delhi, India, 2 Academic Counsellor, Indira Gandhi National Open University, Maidan Garhi, New Delhi Abstract Background: Internet use has become an indispensable part of our lives. Method: A non- experimental study was conducted among adolescents between the age of 15-17 years having access to internet facility in daily routine(n=100). Subjects were classified into mild users, moderate users and addicts for comparison. It was hypothesized that a significant negative correlation will exists between Internet addiction and Big Five Personality Traits. Result: Approximately 40% of the students were found to be addicted, 25% were moderate users and 35% were mild users. Users found addicted scored poorly on the Big Five Personality Traits as hypothesized indicating negative correlation. Conclusion: the findings from this study identified varied levels of internet usage among adolescents which could serve as a crucial factor in understanding its effects on the personality.

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