Joanne Watt



I will apply Silvan Tomkin’s affect theory and ideas on evolution to the Eden story and explore both the individual and the collective humanity need of failure and shame for both learning and development.

Similarities between the ideas of Tomkins and Baruch Spinoza will be noted and the theology of Spinoza will be used to demonstrate how humanity can prosper. In particular his understanding of a third kind of knowledge, scientia intuitive or being-in-God, will show how passive affect can transcend to active affect.


I am a registered Psychologist currently studying independently with the intention of bringing together insights from Psychology with Theology. I was born in Putaruru into a Pakeha farming family and I have been blessed with three exceptional daughters, one darling grand-daughter, and a husband who supports my love of study at the expense of paid employment.